Born in San Francisco, California, Sarah Lane began her dance training in Memphis, Tennessee under the direction of Pat Gillispie at the Memphis Classical Ballet. When her family moved to Rochester, New York, she continued instruction with Timothy Draper and Jamey Leverett at the Draper Center for Dance Education.
When Lane was 16, she received a full scholarship to the Boston Ballet's Summer Program. In 2000 and 2001, she was awarded first place and the Capezio Class Excellence Award at the North American Ballet Festival. In 2002, Lane was a National YoungArts Foundation Winner in Dance/Ballet, and through YoungArts became a 2002 U.S. Presidential Scholar in the Arts. Lane was the Silver Medalist, the highest medal in the Junior Division, at the Jackson International Ballet Competition (2002). During the competition, she traveled to Washington, D. C. to perform at the Kennedy Center as a Presidential Scholar in the Arts. That same year, Lane also won the Bronze Medal at the Youth America Grand Prix Competition.
Lane joined American Ballet Theatre as an apprentice in August 2003, became a member of the Company's corps de ballet in April 2004 and was appointed a Soloist in August 2007. Her roles with the Company include a Shade in La Bayadère, Galya in The Bright Stream, the Fairy Spring in Frederick Ashton's Cinderella, Blossom in James Kudelka's Cinderella, Swanilda in Coppélia, Gulnare in Le Corsaire, Amour and a flower girl in Don Quixote, Anne in Christopher Wheeldon's VIII, the Flames of Paris pas de deux, the peasant pas de deux in Giselle, the Two of Diamonds in Jeu de Cartes, Vera in A Month in the Country, The Young Girl in The Green Table, Clara in Alexei Ratmansky's The Nutcracker, Olga in Onegin, the Youngest Sister in Pillar of Fire, one of Juliet's friends in Romeo and Juliet, Celestial in Shadowplay, Princess Aurora, Princess Florine, the Fairy of Charity and the Fairy of Joy in The Sleeping Beauty, the pas de deux from Stars and Stripes, the pas de trois, Polish Princess and a Little Swan in Swan Lake, the Waltz in Les Sylphides, a Goat in Sylvia, the principal role in Theme and Variations, Spectre de la Rose and roles in Bach Partita, Birthday Offering, The Brahms-Haydn Variations, Chamber Symphony, Désir, Drink To Me Only With Thine Eyes, Glow-Stop, In the Upper Room, Kaleidoscope, The Leaves Are Fading, Raymonda Divertissements, Seven Sonatas, Sinatra Suite, Some Assembly Required, Symphony in C and With A Chance of Rain. She created the
Chinese Dance in Alexei Ratmansky's The Nutcracker, Miranda in The Tempest and a role in Demis Volpi's Private Light.
Lane was a recipient of the Princess Grace Award in 2007 and Leonore Annenberg Fellowship in the Arts in 2008. She was the dancing double for Natalie Portman in Fox Searchlight Pictures' feature film Black Swan.
She has written essays for the Wall Street Journal Online and Dance Magazine. She has been featured by numerous magazines and newspapers, including Glamour, Elle, Pulp, Interview, Timeout, Dance and Pointe magazines. She has modeled for Payless Shoesource, Capezio and The Suffolk Pointe Shoe Company. Sarah is, also, a certified Gyrokinesis instructor.